This article was originally published on June 6, 2018.
Steve Teekens, a member of the Nipissing First Nation, currently serves as Executive Director at Na-Me-Res (Native Men’s Residence), where he has worked since 2008. He has worked with the marginalized and homeless in Toronto since 1995 and now shares his professional experience volunteering with Aboriginal Legal Services Community Council Program, Toronto Police Services Aboriginal Consultative Committee and as Vice President of TASSC (Toronto Aboriginal Social Services Council). In all his work, Steve is driven to help people overcome barriers and succeed by finding resilience within themselves.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) released their calls to action document in 2015 after touring the country to hear the first-hand experiences of Indigenous residential school survivors. Many of the truths shared by survivors were stories that some Ontarians had never heard before. As you might imagine, they were horrific, with various forms of abuse — physical, emotional, and sexual — committed against Indigenous children. In a move sanctioned by the federal government and various Christian religious denominations, these children had been forcefully removed from their parental homes and forced into the residential school system, where the abuse took place. The main mission of residential schools was to “kill the Indian in the child” — assimilating Indigenous children into Canadian society by indoctrinating them into the values of Christianity in an environment void of love and affection.
To this day, many Indigenous people still suffer from the legacy of residential schools. Statistics measuring the social determinants of health — things like income, status, education, social support networks and child development — demonstrate the detrimental effect on Indigenous people. They are evidence of the effects of intergenerational trauma.
Na-Me-Res (Native Men’s Residence), established in 1985, has been on the front lines in dealing with the fallout. Here, we have found renewed strength by reclaiming our culture and implementing culture-based programming at the Men’s Shelter, the Transitional Shelter (Sagatay), and in our outreach to Indigenous as well as non-Indigenous men in Toronto. As a result, we’ve had a number of success stories at Na-Me-Res, with many clients thriving, living a good life.
The Ontario government needs to take an active role in reconciliation. Just as I encourage you to read the TRC calls to action to see which you can bring to life in your own way, I urge you to ask political candidates and parties how they are going to realize the TRC calls to action.
What’s in it for Ontarians you ask? Well in order to move forward, we must reconcile these grievances. Ontarians need to be educated on the true history of Canada and why so many Indigenous people struggle today. The more understanding of Indigenous history and culture we all have; the fewer obstacles and less discrimination the Indigenous peoples of Ontario will face.
The residential schools experience is a part of our shared history — one that not many Ontarians understand. By working towards a better understanding of that history, we can lay the groundwork for Indigenous people to more fully participate in the prosperity of this province. And in turn, we will strengthen Indigenous and Non-Indigenous relations and the fabric of Ontario, as we build a better common future for all of us on this land we share.